Unemployment insurance fund: Shortage of skilled labor in Estonia | Economy


Compared to the start of the crisis, there are significantly fewer jobs where there is a surplus of labor, the Unemployment Insurance Fund said. However, finding a job is more difficult in some sectors, due to a small surplus of labor.

These are mainly administrative jobs, which are gradually taken over by technology. For example, for several years the demand for accountants, data entry clerks, and administrative and executive secretaries has been lower.

Finding a job is also more difficult for graphic designers and multimedia designers, according to the Unemployment Insurance Fund. While there was a great shortage of manpower in the field in 2016, in recent years, many qualified people in this field have entered the market. Field training opportunities have also changed a lot, with a large number of online courses becoming available.

Compared to the previous forecast, there has been some stabilization in the labor market in the areas of accommodation, catering and hotel services. There is no longer a surplus of manpower in these fields.

However, journalists now also find themselves in the surplus labor section. There are probably several reasons for this development, according to the Unemployment Insurance Fund. First, it is a popular area where competition is fierce. Second, the work of journalists has changed and as a result it is no longer just people with journalism training who work in newsrooms.

Like last year’s survey, there is a big shortage of audiologists, speech-language pathologists and software developers. There are people with computer training in Estonia, but a large part of them are mid-level specialists, while there is a shortage of high-level specialists and people doing somewhat IT work. simpler.

As for the health sector, a serious shortage of manpower has been raging for years and the situation should not change anytime soon, according to the Unemployment Insurance Fund. Finding doctors as well as professionals and allied nursing professionals is a constant problem, and there is also a great shortage of health care assistants. Shortages are caused by low wages, unsuitable working hours and retirements.

In the construction industry, there are shortages of home builders, painters and spray painters, structural and allied trades workers, concrete installers, concrete finishers and allied workers, floor installers and tilers. There was also a great need for welders and torch cutters.

A need for managers and directors of sales and marketing has also arisen due to people’s interest in entrepreneurship and business owners who need help running their business.

As for the low-skilled labor force, there was a shortage of agricultural workers, operators of mobile agricultural and forestry installations, mechanics and repairers of agricultural and industrial machinery, and metallurgists. The shortage in these fields is caused by the low popularity of jobs, seasonal work, low wages, atypical working hours and the retirement of many existing specialists in the field.

The number of jobs where there is a great labor shortage has been decreasing year by year. While the coronavirus has brought some changes to the job market, there will be a labor shortage in several fields for the next year. This is also confirmed by the statistics on registered unemployment. In the fall of 2021, unemployment fell rather, whereas it usually tends to increase as winter approaches.

The prognosis of manpower needs is made by employer consultants from county departments of the Unemployment Insurance Fund, external experts, such as county development centers, vocational and higher education institutions and employers, as well as job portals.

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